Publications & Resources
Threats Against The Aviation Sector:
Shooters, Workplace Violence, And 'Insiders'
By Dr. Joshua Sinai
Since the advent of modern terrorism, the aviation sector has been
one of the most frequently targeted by Active Threat attacks.
Threat is a new category of converging threats that is being advanced
in homeland security to encompass the distinct threats of terrorism,
active shooters, workplace violence, and 'insiders' which characterize
numerous attacks in which the perpetrators tactics utilize several
of these types of threats. Thus, in the aviation sector, for example,
the shooting rampage on January 6, 2017 by Esteban Santiago-Ruiz
at Fort Lauderdale Airport was both active shooter (he allegedly
suffered from psychological disorders) and terrorism (it is reported
that he was influenced by ISIS).
By expanding the aperture to recognize such attacks as combining
several threat types (e.g., active shooter and terrorism, or workplace
violence, active shooter, and 'insider'), it will also serve to upgrade
the capability to counter them with appropriate multidisciplinary
response measures. To understand the magnitude of the types of Active
Threats facing the aviation sector - which in this article is defined
as consisting of airports and airplanes - this article's chronological
listing of attacks that have targeted this sector breaks them down
into these distinct types of threats and vulnerabilities.